best coal steam boiler

best coal steam boiler

It is understood that around prevention and control of air pollution, ecological Environmental Protection Office of Shaanxi Province has formulated the "Boiler Air Pollutants Emission Standards" ( "Standards"), amended the "off key industries in the region of atmospheric pollutant emission limits." In the future, biomass, alcohol fuel boiler emissions also be included in "Standards".

"Standard" is to integrate and improve the local air emissions standards boilers. "Standard" for the scope of the province, covering coal, gas, oil, various types of fuel such as biomass; using alcohol fuel (e.g., methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, etc.), gas-fired boiler with reference to the implementation of emission limits.

After calculation, coal-fired thermal power boilers in Shaanxi Province implementation of the new standards, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide emissions respectively about 0.67 tons 15,200 tons, 1.26 tons, down 27%, 40%, 21%; Burning after transformation of coal boiler, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide emissions can be about 01,400 tons, 1.42 tons 14,100 tons.

With the haze pollution reduction work to promote strong, Shaanxi Province coal-fired generating units and 20 steam tons / hour or more coal-fired boiler to carry out the transformation of ultra-low emissions, will gradually iron and steel, cement and other industries to carry over non-electric low-emission transformation, the original standard has been overtaken by change of environmental situation. Additionally, the Guanzhong area of ​​glass, ceramics, bricks, gold and other industry, there are a certain number of kiln, its environmental requirements leniency.

The revision of the "off key industries in the region air pollutant emission standards", the abolition of the thermal power industry, coal-fired boiler emission limit requirements, these two sectors rose to individual standards province-wide.

It also increases the coke nitrogen oxide emission limits Chemical Industries, gold industry, glass and glass products, ceramic industry emission limits, increasing the concentration of tile industries and atmospheric pollutants conversion approach.

The new standards are expected coke chemical industry NOx emissions will decrease 70%, the sintering process the steel industry, the particulate matter, SO2, NOx emissions decreased by 50%, 72% and 67%, respectively.

6 tons adjusting a combustion gas best coal steam boiler, normal combustion boiler three basic aspects of indicators include a uniform supply of the fuel, reasonable ventilation, adjustment the combustion. 1, to maintain the high temperature of the combustion chamber temperature of the upper layer is preferably in the 1100 ~ 1300 ℃, flame orange in color. Flame reddish color indicates that the amount is not enough to the wind, the color white indicates that excessive wind. It should be appropriately adjusted. 2, fuel ash to reduce ash content in the combustibles to be below 10%. 3, reducing the temperature of the boiler flue gas exhaust gas temperature should be controlled below 200 ℃. 4, holding furnace negative excess air boiler is 1.2 to 1.4, by adjusting the balance of the blowers to maintain the furnace pressure is -20 ~ -30Pa. 5, the thermal efficiency of the boiler to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler should be kept above 60%. II. Combustion Adjustment 1, the amount of fuel to air required for combustion and the amount of a reasonable distribution. Ventilation should first increase the amount of fuel increases, it should first reduce the amount of fuel supply reduced ventilation. 2, the thickness of the seam and seam thickness configuration grate speed is 80 ~ 120mm grate speed at high, middle and low profile configuration of several commonly used methods:. 9a rapid combustion of thin seam b c thick seam in low combustion. 3 thick seam combustion speed, the segment with the wind blowing principle: burn promoting intermediate ends. That is, after the coal into the coal starts to warm up the shutter, fire line front arch, the primary combustion zone, the middle grate to burn the rear grate zone. Normal combustion conditions are: fuel from the coal at the beginning of the fire shutter 300mm, uniform flames, the fire bed formation, at the end of combustion from the end of the grate 300 ~ 500mm. 4. maintain proper furnace temperature to avoid coking. The fire bed to maintain the homogeneous combustion, to avoid burning fire bed obliquely. 6. The residence time of the fuel on the grate in less than 30 minutes.

Introduce some common sense about the boiler 1, the critical speed of the circulating fluid bed boiler. Gas flow rate corresponding to the minimum fluidization velocity or become known as the critical fluidization velocity. 2, the flow characteristics of circulating bed boiler? A high combustion efficiency of the fuel adaptability 2 3 4 desulfurization efficiency is low nitrogen oxide emissions high combustion intensity 5, 6 simply small cross-sectional area of ​​the furnace fuel and coal pretreatment system 7, a large load adjustment range, adjustment is easy to implement fast ash 8 utilization. 3, the partition circulating fluid bed boiler furnace and the corresponding characteristics into dense and dilute phases, a lower dense phase zone of the furnace, filled with hot materials, is a stable source of hot, heat storage is a thermal store , flow therethrough in an upper dilute phase zone of the furnace, the fuel air are required. 4, the positive balance calculation boiler efficiency, combustion of coal, boiler heat losses What? Coal particles is heated and dried: volatile combustion and precipitation: coal particles swell and rupture: re-cracking and coke burning carbon particles and wear. Heat loss 1 2 3 Chemical incomplete combustion loss of physical mechanical incomplete combustion heat of the loss heat loss 4 5 ash. 5, the charging cycle 4 Effect Effect Effect amount of the main factors affecting combustion in the boiler of a coal particle size distribution and particle 2 was 3 Effect fluidization velocity excess air factor 5 bed temperature Dense Phase 6 . 6, the basic form of the heat transfer in? In the heat transfer process, there are three basic ways of heat transfer: thermal and heat transfer, convective heat and radiant heat transfer. 7, their role in recycling and recycling processes? By the economizer feed water into the steam drum, a descending pipe into the water wall, by absorbing the heat released by the combustion of the fuel heating the water in the saturated steam passes through the heat absorbing further heat saturated steam into dry steam heating. 8, sewage, drainage pipe What? Sewer: blowdown drum door (left and right) turn on the water accident door, front door header sewage, sewage tank after the door, left the door header sewage and right door header sewage, sewage water jacket door (about) Dipleg sewage door. Drainage pipe: the low temperature superheater inlet header hydrophobic doors, front / rear desuperheater hydrophobic door header, the high-temperature superheater inlet / outlet header, the header hydrophobic dispensing door. 9, then what are pipe drum? Meter and accessories? Superheater, economizer recirculation duct, platoon expansion tube, a condenser tube, soot blower tube, economizer inlet pipe, the discharge pipe accident, centralized downcomer platoon expansion, a water level gauge, a thermometer, security door, pressure gauge, gas-water separator, header. 10, the cyclone structure and working principle? Cylindrical body, the central cylinder, a cone, a loop seal, the material returning leg, from the high temperature flue gas out of the furnace, two left and right into the two cyclones, increase after turning flue flue gas velocity in the cylinder the center of rotation of the form cylinder back down into the cone upwardly from the central cylinder wall Shuaixiang excluded smoke particles under high effort when the cone reaches the end coupled with its heavy fall below the loop seal. 11, Refeeder role? The ash from the circulation loop seal into the furnace combustion chamber 12, acting characteristics superheater? The use of flue gas heated to a certain pressure saturated steam superheated steam. 13, bag filter works and composition? Principle: inlet flue gas-containing flue dust particles into the lower caul plate over the flue dust reduction chamber, and then through the outlet to reduce the wind speed of the flue draft fan withdrawn via the discharge plenum chamber clean flue upper portion of the bag filter the atmospheric composition: inlet flue, the caul plate, the reduction of flue gas chamber, bag, net flue gas plenum chamber exit gas, ash silo, rotating ash blowing device, the air reservoir. 14, to the mounting position of the coal feeder, the number, composition mounted on the front wall of the furnace, the number of stage three consists of: a motor, a belt coal feeder, reducer, the motor slide. 15, the process of slag from the furnace down the three tap outlet derived by the discharge of slag, after water cooling to cool to a certain temperature onto the cooling belt-type transfusion Pa, and then transported by the inclined transport slag to the slag bin .

Some of the causes direct impact on the thermal efficiency of horizontal best coal steam boiler of the country are carrying out a blaze of glory roaring coal to natural gas operations, the choice of horizontal steam boiler, greatly reducing the fine dust contaminated with dust, along with toxic gases such as nitrogen oxides emissions It has also been suppressed. Thermal efficiency is a key measure of horizontal steam boiler, a good start and that is that let you look at some of the causes direct impact on the thermal efficiency of horizontal steam boiler. Through research departments, the heat loss of horizontal steam boiler is very important from two aspects: the combustion air-fuel ratio is not satisfactory and Smoke and heat loss. Smoke and heat loss reduction should be modified in the tail horizontal steam boiler soot waste heat recycling install, or choose would be more leading series condensing boilers. Combustion air-fuel ratio over the substandard Analysis: common horizontal ejector-type steam boiler burner choice, without the formation of air-fuel ratio can be flexibly adjusted. Most of the horizontal steam boiler selected non-automatic strong emission burner, leading to the root causes of unsatisfactory air-fuel ratio has the following areas: air-fuel ratio is not ideal is more important is divided into two kinds of probability: When an excess of oxygen, there will be endless excessive cold air is heat conduction, resulting in increased energy consumption horizontal steam boilers, hot horizontal steam boiler efficiency decreased; when oxygen is not standard, incomplete combustion occurs, generating heat horizontal steam boiler efficiency decreased.

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