Safe And Stable Industrial Coal Fired Steam Boiler

Safe And Stable Industrial Coal Fired Steam Boiler

This year, located in Guizhou Tongzi County and located in Heilongjiang Harbin has two boiler explosions accident, after investigation, the accident was produced in the installation link, there are companies the main responsibility for the implementation of incomplete installation link, confusion installation and construction management , unauthorized commissioning, pressure testing irregularities, installation supervision and inspection to ensure the role of the missing and other problems, leading to a boiler explosion occurs, causing adverse effects for the personal and property safety.

Market supervision bureau to draw lessons from the accident, in order to avoid explosion due to boiler installation problem from occurring again, issued a notice warning of the risk of boiler installation link. Details are as follows:

The boiler safety related technical specifications, the entire boiler manufacturing unit can be installed (set) mounted boiler units produced. Boiler manufacturing unit undertake installation work, should meet the following requirements:

The manufacturer should be dedicated departments boiler installation work, set up to cover the boiler installation quality management system, equipped with the necessary resources to installation conditions. Boiler manufacturing units should strengthen sales management, through specified in the sales contract if the terms of the unit responsible for the installation of boilers, etc., to prevent sales by the manufacturing license qualification units or organizations which are not allowed to undertake the unit personnel to carry out boiler installation work. Where specified in the contract manufacturing sales unit responsible for the installation, on-site installation work must be sent by the company to complete the installation personnel shall not be subcontracted to other units (safety specifications are allowed in the assigned project except). Indicate the sales contract to this unit responsible for the installation of the boiler, installation of the unit must have the appropriate license installed. Responsible for the installation of the units should strengthen safety education and skills training for installation personnel. Find that the installation quality and safety aspects of the occurrence of an accident or appears illegal activities, special equipment safety supervision institutions should be punished according to the law to install the unit.

Boiler installation units should strictly enforce the relevant safety standards and technical specifications to ensure the quality and safety of boiler installation, the unit should be installed at the installation site set up signs stating the name of the license holder of the certificate, license project, license number and items the person in charge, who is responsible for safety and quality, commissioning personnel, supervisory inspector's name, unit and telephone. Boiler commissioning and commissioning, operation must be performed by a licensed boiler operator. Before the boiler installation, inspection and acceptance by the relevant formally delivered, installed units should be hung in a prominent position boilers warning signs with the words "banned" and take effective protection and quarantine measures to ensure that the boiler system can not be ignited or boost . In addition to the need to debug, the cabinet can not be energized, the fuel valve is in a closed state should be like. Use blanking panels of the boiler pressure test, the test should be removed immediately after the end of the Blind.

Boiler boiler installation situation before construction units should be installed by informing the local special equipment safety supervision and management departments, and submit an application to install Supervision, Inspection and supervisory inspection agency. Where Supervision and Inspection uncommitted boiler installation project may not start.

Supervisory inspection agency should be strictly in accordance with the "Boiler Inspection Rules", according to the supervisory inspection protocol and progress of the project requirements, arrangements for the implementation of the supervisory inspector boiler installation supervisory inspection. A class of control points, the supervisory inspector must be at the scene confirmed to meet the requirements, the installation unit in order to continue with the work. Supervisory inspector shall, at the start that is to the construction site, in the whole process of site supervision to pressure test, shall not be used after the witness confirmed that and how do fill supervisory inspection program Supervision, Inspection and replacement process when the boiler pressure test.

Boiler manufacturing unit in particular is responsible for boiler installation of manufacturing units and boiler installation supervisory inspection agency, should an accident lessons learned, giving top priority to further implement the main responsibility and checks responsibility, strengthen the boiler installation management to ensure the quality of the installation work, protect the boiler safety.

Select the first safe and stable industrial coal fired steam boiler to know what parameters? Steam boilers have the following main parameters: 1, Rated evaporation Rated evaporation is power steam boiler, steam boiler is the most important parameter, usually expressed in tons evaporation, that is, we usually say how many tons of boiler. 2, rated steam pressure rated steam pressure means that the steam pressure generated in the steam boiler, generally expressed in MPa or kg. 1MPa is 10 kg, like laundry, all hospitals, factories and the like conventional steam occasions the general use of low-pressure steam 1.0MPa or less. Only when using steam as a power to require the use of high-pressure steam. 3, where the steam temperature of said steam temperature, refers to the temperature of saturated steam. Saturated steam pressure and steam temperature are corresponding. Temperature of saturated steam at a pressure of 1MPa 184 ℃. 4, gas / oil / coal consumption fuel consumption is an important indicator of concern when choosing a steam boiler, which is directly related to the use of the running cost of the boiler. In the operation of the boiler, the fuel cost is very impressive, if just considering the purchase cost of buying a cheap but high energy boiler, which led to the late high operating costs, certain that it will be wasted. 5, the thermal efficiency of fuel consumption with the boiler thermal efficiency of boilers is inversely proportional. The higher thermal efficiency, lower fuel consumption of the boiler. Boiler thermal efficiency expressed as a percentage, the value is a more intuitive. 6, the boiler operating weight, size or location in the election of the steam boiler, it should find the place whether the load per unit area can withstand the weight of the steam boiler, and if there is enough space to place the steam boiler maintenance and reserve space.

Learning materials heat boiler 1, the boiler is three safety accessories: water gauge, pressure gauge, safety valve. 2, the normal operation of the boiler water level is 0 ± 40mmH2O, the maximum does not exceed 0 ± 80mmH2O, the normal water pressure of 5.5MPa, to allow the fluctuation range of 4.5-6.0MPa, normal pressure boiler feed water temperature should be 105 degrees Celsius. 3, steam flow is not larger than the normal water boiler feedwater flow reasons, the measuring device instrument to do so. 4, the steam flow rate is less than the abnormal overheating damage reasons of water flow, water wall damage, damage to the economizer, the boiler is full of water, measuring device instrument to do so. 5, points on the furnace process CCP washed three times water gauge, pressures of 0.05-0.1MPa, 1.0MPa, 2.8MPa. 6, it is determined whether the normal water table and put into operation to see if the water level fluctuates slightly exemplar. 7, the boiler water pressure test and the test is divided into P overpressure test of two, when the water pressure P test, the boosting speed of not more than 0.35MPa 0.5MPa down rate does not exceed per minute. To the boiler water blowdown 8, the pressure in the boiler shutdown boiler water temperature drops below 80 degrees Celsius. 9, the position of each ordinary pressure test is hydrophobic doors: a door opening, the second door is closed. 10, the boiler-burner with a swirling-type and DC type two. 11, elemental analysis of coal with a composition: C, H, O, N, S, moisture, ash. 12, the main component of the blast furnace gas is: CO.'S time, nitrogen gas, blast furnace gas pressure is lower than 1500Pa, the user must reduce the amount of gas. Fire stop its pressure 1000Pa, working pressure 4000-8000Pa, the upper limit for the dangerous pressure 10000Pa, the lower limit is 2000Pa. 13, the main component of the coke oven gas: CO, nitrogen gas, coke oven gas pressure is lower than 1500Pa, must reduce the amount of gas, which pressure is 500Pa fire stop, working pressure 5000-7000Pa, the upper limit is 8000 Pa pressure the risk, the lower limit is 1500Pa . 14, the high, the main features of coke oven gas is flammable, explosive, toxic. 15, proximate analysis of coal with a volatile content, fixed carbon, ash and moisture. 16, boiler water circulation loop fault has stagnated, cycling back down the tube vaporization, soft drinks stratification. 17, the pulverized coal burning furnace radiation heat from a heat source of flame, high temperature flue gas convection heat. 18, the pulverized coal ignition and quick combustion conditions are sufficiently high temperature furnace, a sufficient amount of air mixed well, pulverized coal and air. Enough burn time. 19, ignition of pulverized coal into the combustion stage, the combustion stage, burning ember stage. 20, boiler mechanical rolling bearing does not exceed a predetermined temperature 80 degrees Celsius, the slide bearing does not exceed 40 degrees Celsius. 21, with factors affecting the steam load boiler water, boiler water salinity, pressure change, the vapor space of the drum height. 22, the principle of the steam separator drum gravity separation, inertial separation, centrifugal separation, separation of the water film. 23, the first ignition of the pulverized coal volatiles, fixed carbon is the latest ignition, the combustion of carbon is the longest. 24, steam soluble salt contaminated steam quality reasons, mechanical carryover. 25, the normal operation of the boiler drum water level in the glass tube than the water level high 50MM, when the water level in the steam table overall door leak, the water level high water table, the total gate leakage when the water level is low. 26, a method for enhancing heat transfer with a heat transfer coefficient is increased, raising the average temperature difference between the heat transfer, the heat transfer area is increased. 27, into the boiler furnace wall refractory layer, three-layer insulating layer and the sealing layer. 28, light blue flame blast furnace gas, as a bright golden yellow flame co-firing light yellow flame, coal, coke oven gas when the combustion gas as a combustion time. 29, the boiler by the "pot" and "furnace" composition, "pan" refers to a soft drink system is mainly composed of the drum, the downcomer, the header, waterwall, economizer, superheater composition; "oven" refers to a combustion system, a furnace, a burner, an air preheater composition. Calorific value 3.27GJ 30,1 tons of steam.

6 tons gas safe and stable industrial coal fired steam boiler steam pressure adjusting a boiler operation, must frequently monitor the pressure gauge indicated. To maintain stable steam pressure, boiler pressure must not exceed the design pressure. Second, increasing boiler load: Steam pressure decreased boiler load is increased, if the level is high at this time, the amount of water should be reduced to a water supply or suspend, the amount of coal and increase the air volume. Gradually increase the amount of water at the same time to strengthen the burning, keep the steam pressure and the water level is normal. Third, the boiler load reduction: the vapor pressure rises to reduce boiler load, if the level is high at this time, the amount of coal should be reduced and the air volume, reduced combustion. Then the appropriate water reduction or suspension of water supply to the water vapor pressure and stability in the nominal range. Then press the normal combustion and the amount of feed water 8 to adjust. If the actual water level within the boiler is low, to increase the amount of water should, until the water level returns to normal after the combustion and needs to be adjusted according to the water vapor pressure and load changes.

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